With sweet intake increasing in our diets these days, the dental problems are increasing as well, which may lead to tooth loss. Long gone are the days in which people had to wear dentures or bridges to compensate for tooth loss. Due to recent technological advancements, in many situations a dental implant can be done to compensate for the tooth loss. Dental implant is an outpatient surgery in which your damaged tooth is removed and a new artificial tooth is placed in the place of the damaged tooth. Though this seems like an easy process, but its not as simple as it seems, as dental implant surgery may require other process’s to take place as well for the final implant to take place. One such process is known as bone grafting.
What is bone grafting?
Bone grafting is done to maximize the result of the dental implant surgery and is only needed if the patient doesn’t have enough bone in their jaw to support the dental implant. This is because dental implantation requires that a metal post is placed in the patients jawbone and then the new tooth is placed on top of that post. So in order for this implant to be successful, dentists first need to make sure that there is enough bone, in the area where the implant is supposed to take place, so that later on it provides support and stability to the implant. Bone grafting may also be required if there is not enough bone in the jaw so that the implanted metal post is submerged in the bone.
Usually the requirement of bone for an implant is at least 1mm around the implant. Though this figure may increase to 2 to 3 mm, depending on where the implant is supposed to be place. For example, when the implant is supposed to be placed near a tooth or next to another implant than that requires more bone than usual. The bone has to completely envelope the implant, but caution has to be taken that the implant does not go so deep that it starts to disturb the other anatomic structures nearby, such as the nerve in the bottom jaw.